AskDefine | Define demerara

Dictionary Definition



1 a light brown raw cane sugar from Guyana
2 a river in northern Guyana that flows northward into the Atlantic
3 a former Dutch colony in South America; now a part of Guyana
4 dark rum from Guyana [syn: demerara rum]
5 light brown cane sugar; originally from Guyana [syn: demerara sugar]

Extensive Definition

Demerara in South America was one of the original British colonies that were joined into the colony of British Guiana, now Guyana. It was located about the lower courses of the Demerara River, and its main town was Georgetown. Demerara is now one of three counties of Guyana. The other two counties are Berbice and Essequibo. Before the colony became British, it was a Dutch colony.
The name "Demerara" comes from a variant of the Arawak word "Immenary" or "Dumaruni" which means "river of the letter wood".
On 13 August 1814 the British combined the colonies of Demerara and Essequibo into the colony of Demerara-Essequibo. On 20 November 1815 the colony was formally ceded to Britain by the Netherlands.
On 21 July 1831 Demerara-Essequibo united with Berbice as British Guiana.
Large slave rebellion broke out in West Demerara in 1795 and on the East Coast of Demerara in 1823
Demerara sugar is so named because originally it came from the colony of Demerara.

Notable Demererans

Commanders of Demerara

Governors of Demerara


Lieutenant governors

Leaders of Slave Rebellions

  • 1823: Jack Gladstone of Plantation Success

See also


demerara in Czech: Demerara
demerara in Dutch: Demerara
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